AES Advanced Encryption Standard By JavaScript

MrLee2016-3-31 1124

AES is a ‘symmetric block cipher’ for encrypting texts which can be decrypted with the original encryption key.
For many purposes, a simpler encryption algorithm such as TEA is perfectly adequate – but if you suspect the world’s best cryptographic minds, and a few million dollars of computing resource, might be attempting to crack your security, then AES, based on the Rijndael algorithm, is the tightest security currently available (approved by the US government for classified information up to ‘Secret’ – and in in 192 or 256 key lengths, up to ‘Top Secret’). AES was adopted by NIST in 2001 as FIPS-197, and is the replacement for DES which was withdrawn in 2005.
I developed this JavaScript implementation to to illustrate the original AES standard (NIST FIPS-197) as closely as possible. It is intended as an introduction for people seeking to learn something about implementing encryption, not an authoritative implementation – cryptography experts will already know more than I present here. The emphasis is on transparency and fidelity to the standard rather than efficiency.
This script also includes a wrapper function which implements AES in the ‘Counter’ mode of operation (specified in NIST SP 800-38A) to encrypt arbitrary texts – many descriptions of AES limit themselves to the Cipher routine itself, and don’t consider how it can be used to encrypt texts.
This is principally a learning exercise, and I am not a cryptographic expert. I can provide no warranty or guarantees if you choose to use this code in production environments.
也来装X,搞一段全英文,其实就是AES加密,解密。核心源码
/* - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -  */
/*  AES implementation in JavaScript (c) Chris Veness 2005-2012                                   */
/*   - see http://csrc.nist.gov/publications/PubsFIPS.html#197                                    */
/* - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -  */
var Aes = {};  // Aes namespace
/**
 * AES Cipher function: encrypt 'input' state with Rijndael algorithm
 *   applies Nr rounds (10/12/14) using key schedule w for 'add round key' stage
 *
 * @param {Number[]} input 16-byte (128-bit) input state array
 * @param {Number[][]} w   Key schedule as 2D byte-array (Nr+1 x Nb bytes)
 * @returns {Number[]}     Encrypted output state array
 */
Aes.cipher = function(input, w) {    // main Cipher function [§5.1]
  var Nb = 4;               // block size (in words): no of columns in state (fixed at 4 for AES)
  var Nr = w.length/Nb - 1; // no of rounds: 10/12/14 for 128/192/256-bit keys
  var state = [[],[],[],[]];  // initialise 4xNb byte-array 'state' with input [§3.4]
  for (var i=0; i<4*Nb; i++) state[i%4][Math.floor(i/4)] = input[i];
  state = Aes.addRoundKey(state, w, 0, Nb);
  for (var round=1; round 6 && i%Nk == 4) {
      temp = Aes.subWord(temp);
    }
    for (var t=0; t<4; t++) w[i][t] = w[i-Nk][t] ^ temp[t];
  }
  return w;
}
/*
 * ---- remaining routines are private, not called externally ----
 */
 
Aes.subBytes = function(s, Nb) {    // apply SBox to state S [§5.1.1]
  for (var r=0; r<4; r++) {
    for (var c=0; c>> i*8) & 0xff;
  for (var i=0; i<2; i++) counterBlock[i+2] = (nonceRnd >>> i*8) & 0xff;
  for (var i=0; i<4; i++) counterBlock[i+4] = (nonceSec >>> i*8) & 0xff;
  
  // and convert it to a string to go on the front of the ciphertext
  var ctrTxt = '';
  for (var i=0; i<8; i++) ctrTxt += String.fromCharCode(counterBlock[i]);
  // generate key schedule - an expansion of the key into distinct Key Rounds for each round
  var keySchedule = Aes.keyExpansion(key);
  
  var blockCount = Math.ceil(plaintext.length/blockSize);
  var ciphertxt = new Array(blockCount);  // ciphertext as array of strings
  
  for (var b=0; b>> c*8) & 0xff;
    for (var c=0; c<4; c++) counterBlock[15-c-4] = (b/0x100000000 >>> c*8)
    var cipherCntr = Aes.cipher(counterBlock, keySchedule);  // -- encrypt counter block --
    
    // block size is reduced on final block
    var blockLength = b>> c*8) & 0xff;
    for (var c=0; c<4; c++) counterBlock[15-c-4] = (((b+1)/0x100000000-1) >>> c*8) & 0xff;
    var cipherCntr = Aes.cipher(counterBlock, keySchedule);  // encrypt counter block
    var plaintxtByte = new Array(ciphertext[b].length);
    for (var i=0; i 0) { while (c++ < 3) { pad += '='; plain += ''; } }
  // note: doing padding here saves us doing special-case packing for trailing 1 or 2 chars
   
  for (c=0; c>18 & 0x3f;
    h2 = bits>>12 & 0x3f;
    h3 = bits>>6 & 0x3f;
    h4 = bits & 0x3f;
    // use hextets to index into code string
    e[c/3] = b64.charAt(h1) + b64.charAt(h2) + b64.charAt(h3) + b64.charAt(h4);
  }
  coded = e.join('');  // join() is far faster than repeated string concatenation in IE
  
  // replace 'A's from padded nulls with '='s
  coded = coded.slice(0, coded.length-pad.length) + pad;
   
  return coded;
}
/**
 * Decode string from Base64, as defined by RFC 4648 [http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc4648]
 * (instance method extending String object). As per RFC 4648, newlines are not catered for.
 *
 * @param {String} str The string to be decoded from base-64
 * @param {Boolean} [utf8decode=false] Flag to indicate whether str is Unicode string to be decoded 
 *   from UTF8 after conversion from base64
 * @returns {String} decoded string
 */ 
Base64.decode = function(str, utf8decode) {
  utf8decode =  (typeof utf8decode == 'undefined') ? false : utf8decode;
  var o1, o2, o3, h1, h2, h3, h4, bits, d=[], plain, coded;
  var b64 = Base64.code;
  coded = utf8decode ? str.decodeUTF8() : str;
  
  
  for (var c=0; c>>16 & 0xff;
    o2 = bits>>>8 & 0xff;
    o3 = bits & 0xff;
    
    d[c/4] = String.fromCharCode(o1, o2, o3);
    // check for padding
    if (h4 == 0x40) d[c/4] = String.fromCharCode(o1, o2);
    if (h3 == 0x40) d[c/4] = String.fromCharCode(o1);
  }
  plain = d.join('');  // join() is far faster than repeated string concatenation in IE
   
  return utf8decode ? plain.decodeUTF8() : plain; 
}

/* - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -  */
/*  Utf8 class: encode / decode between multi-byte Unicode characters and UTF-8 multiple          */
/*              single-byte character encoding (c) Chris Veness 2002-2012                         */
/* - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -  */
var Utf8 = {};  // Utf8 namespace
/**
 * Encode multi-byte Unicode string into utf-8 multiple single-byte characters 
 * (BMP / basic multilingual plane only)
 *
 * Chars in range U+0080 - U+07FF are encoded in 2 chars, U+0800 - U+FFFF in 3 chars
 *
 * @param {String} strUni Unicode string to be encoded as UTF-8
 * @returns {String} encoded string
 */
Utf8.encode = function(strUni) {
  // use regular expressions & String.replace callback function for better efficiency 
  // than procedural approaches
  var strUtf = strUni.replace(
      /[\u0080-\u07ff]/g,  // U+0080 - U+07FF => 2 bytes 110yyyyy, 10zzzzzz
      function(c) { 
        var cc = c.charCodeAt(0);
        return String.fromCharCode(0xc0 | cc>>6, 0x80 | cc&0x3f); }
    );
  strUtf = strUtf.replace(
      /[\u0800-\uffff]/g,  // U+0800 - U+FFFF => 3 bytes 1110xxxx, 10yyyyyy, 10zzzzzz
      function(c) { 
        var cc = c.charCodeAt(0); 
        return String.fromCharCode(0xe0 | cc>>12, 0x80 | cc>>6&0x3F, 0x80 | cc&0x3f); }
    );
  return strUtf;
}
/**
 * Decode utf-8 encoded string back into multi-byte Unicode characters
 *
 * @param {String} strUtf UTF-8 string to be decoded back to Unicode
 * @returns {String} decoded string
 */
Utf8.decode = function(strUtf) {
  // note: decode 3-byte chars first as decoded 2-byte strings could appear to be 3-byte char!
  var strUni = strUtf.replace(
      /[\u00e0-\u00ef][\u0080-\u00bf][\u0080-\u00bf]/g,  // 3-byte chars
      function(c) {  // (note parentheses for precence)
        var cc = ((c.charCodeAt(0)&0x0f)<<12) | ((c.charCodeAt(1)&0x3f)<<6) | ( c.charCodeAt(2)&0x3f); 
        return String.fromCharCode(cc); }
    );
  strUni = strUni.replace(
      /[\u00c0-\u00df][\u0080-\u00bf]/g,                 // 2-byte chars
      function(c) {  // (note parentheses for precence)
        var cc = (c.charCodeAt(0)&0x1f)<<6 | c.charCodeAt(1)&0x3f;
        return String.fromCharCode(cc); }
    );
  return strUni;
}

最后写个简单的例子,html文件








 

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